Ovulation induction is the process by which ovulation is stimulated through the use of medications.
Ovulation induction or superovulation services include:
- Clomiphene citrate – Clomid / Serophene Clomiphene citrate works by making the brain think estrogen levels are low. Clomiphene citrate works by helping cells resist estrogen. Low estrogen levels tell the pituitary gland to produce FSH, which helps a follicle to grow and release an egg. (See our Clomid consent form and Clomid fee schedule.)
- Letrozole / Femara Aromatase inhibitors work by lowering estrogen levels. Aromatase inhibitors work by blocking certain kinds of hormones (androgens) from changing to estrogen. Low estrogen levels tell the pituitary gland to produce FSH, which helps a follicle to grow and release an egg. (See our Letrozole consent form and Letrozole fee schedule.)
- Glucophage / Metformin – Metformin is an insulin-sensitizing agents Metformin can be used alone or along with clomiphene citrate or aromatase inhibitors. Women who don’t ovulate regularly because of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) produce too much insulin and androgens. Insulin-sensitizing agents like Metformin help lower insulin and androgen levels to help with follicle growth.
- Gonadotropins – Follistim / Gonal F / Menopur / Bravelle Gonadotropins are fertility medications given by injection that contain follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) alone or combined with luteinizing hormone (LH). When FSH (with or without LH) is given as an injection, it works directly on the ovaries to make multiple follicles (cysts containing eggs). (See our Gonadotropin consent form and Gonadotropin fee schedule.)
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that places sperm past the cervix and in a woman’s uterus around the time of ovulation. This makes the passage to the fallopian tubes much shorter, and there is a better chance that more sperm will encounter the egg. (See the ASRM IUI patient info sheet and our IUI consent form.)